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2016考研英语(二)真题参考答案(完整版)

2015-12-27 08:02:19 研途宝

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  Section I Use of English

  1. how

  2. In particular

  3. necessary

  4. optimism

  5. change

  6. measured

  7. sure

  8. headquartered

  9. explain

  10. factors

  11. desirable

  12. emerged

  13. Attribute

  14.experienced

  15. thus

  16. Equally

  17. while

  18. hints

  19. Shape

  20. lean towards

  II Reading comprehension

  Text 1

  21. B Remodel the way of thinking

  22. D Interest

  23. A Help students learn other computer languages

  24. C Become better prepared for the digitalized world

  25. B Persuade

  Text 2

  26. Its dramatically decreased population

  27. Granted less federal regulatory powder

  28. Agree to pay sum for compensation

  29. The states

  30. Industry group

  Text 3

  31. what deep reading required cannot be guaranteed

  32. Make passing time fulfilling

  33. Achieve immersive reading

  34. Reading become your primary business of the day

  35. Find time to read

  Text 4

  36. Having a family with a child

  37. Attach importance to pre-marital finance

  38. Reach almost all aspects of American life

  39. Getting established is harder for the young

  40. His parents' good life has little to do with a college degree

  Part B

  41. Express your emotions

  42. Be easily pleased

  43. Be silly

  44. Have fun

  45. Don't over think it

  Part C

  【原文】

  The supermarket is designed to lure customers into spending as much time as possible within its doors. The reason for this is simple:The longer you stay in the store, the more stuff you'll see, and the more stuff you see, the more you'll buy. And supermarkets contain a lot of stuff. The average supermarket, according to the Food Marketing Institute, carries some 44,00 different items, and many carry tens of thousands more. The sheer volume of available choice is enough to send shoppers into a state of information overload. According to brain-scan experiments, the demands of so much decision-making quickly become too much for us. After about 40 minutes of shopping, most people stop struggling to be rationally selective, and instead begin shopping emotionally - which is the point at which we accumulate the 50 percent of stuff in our cart that we never intended buying.

  【参考译文】

  超市旨在吸引顾客在店里停留尽量长的时间。原因非常简单:顾客在店里停留的时间越长,看到的商品越多,看到的商品越多,买的越多。超市陈列了大量的商品。根据食品推广协会的调查,一般超市里有约44000种不同的商品;大多数超市都有上万种。如此众多的选择足以使顾客面对的信息过于繁杂。根据脑部扫描实验,需要快速的做这么多的决定就会使我们太累。大约购物40分钟以后,大多人就不会拼命去做出理性的选择,取而代之的是冲动购物--此时,在购物车里,我们已经装了一半根本没想买的东西。

  III Writing

  Part A

  Directions:

  Suppose you won a translation contest and your friend, Jack, wrote an email to congratulate you and ask for advice on translation. Write him a reply to

  1) thank him, and

  2) give advice.

  You should write neatly on the ANSWER SHEET.

  Do not sign your own name at the end of the text. Use "Li Ming" instead.

  Do not write the address.(10 points)

  参考范文:

  Dear Jack,

  Thank you for your warm congratulation on my winning the translation contest. Now I will give you some advice on translation.

  To begin with, you should have an earnest interest in translation, for, just as Einstein says, interest is the best teacher. Besides, you should have an extensive reading on the two languages, because accurate translation demands that you should have a good grasp of the two languages and the culture related to the two languages. Moreover, you should grasp essential translation techniques, which will facilitate the translating process.

  I hope that you can acquire some more understanding of translation via my advice.

  Yours sincerely,

  Li Ming

  Part B

  As can be apparently illustrated /depicted in the pie graph, the purposes of the students of a college can be divided into five parts, with admiring the scenery and relieving the pressure, making friends, developing their independent capabilities and the rest accounting for 37 %, 33%, 6%, 9% and 15 % respectively. Isolated as the figures seem to be in the pie graph, as a matter of fact, they are connected with one another closely.

  Obviously, a variety of complicated factors contribute to the phenomenon illustrated in the chart above, with the following two ones being the foremost. To begin with, among the most convincing reasons offered by people for this phenomenon, one should be emphasized that the improvement of our society and the progress of science and technology put the most pressure on the college students, which make them tired and bored toward their work and study. In addition to this, another equally vital point to be considered is that college students' attitudes towards travel constitute a major reason for the phenomenon.

  Just as an old proverb says, "every coin has its two sides." The situation of college students' traveling is no exception. From what has been discussed above, what we should pay attention is to encourage the positive effects and eliminate its negative influence as far as possible.



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